Old Testament Genealogy

The Bible traces Eber to Shem, the son of Noah; from him were also the Assyrians and the Arameans. All these peoples spoke languages closely related, which we are in the habit of calling Semitic. The speech of the Canaanites was nearest to that we know as Hebrew; yet the Bible groups these people, together with the Egyptians, among the descendants of Shem's brother Ham. Cush begat Nimrod and his kingdom was Babel. Out of that land went forth Asshur. Southern Arabia was settled in part by Cush and his sons, descendants of Ham. All the descendants of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth populate the world as the three main divisions of mankind, Mongoloid (Oriental), Negroid (black) and Caucasian (white), respectively, and of their mixing.

According to Hebrew tradition, Melchizedek, king and founder of Ur Salem (Jerusalem), was Noah's son Shem.

Lydia (Lud)(Ezekiel 30:5), is a province in the west of Asia Minor, which derived its name from the fourth son of Shem (Gen. 10:22). It was bounded on the east by the greater Phrygia, and on the west by Ionia and the AEgean Sea. That area is now modern Turkey. The Chubs were the name of a people in alliance with Egypt in the time of Nebuchadnezzar. The word is found only in Ezek. 30:5. They were probably a people of Northern Africa, or of the lands near Egypt in the south.

The sons of Japheth were Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras. Madai is "middle land", the third son of Japheth (Gen. 10:2), the name by which the Medes are known on the Assyrian monuments. Javan was the fourth son of Japheth (Gen. 10:2), whose descendants settled in Greece, i.e., Ionia, which bears the name of Javan in Hebrew. Alexander the Great is called the "king of Javan" (rendered "Grecia," in the King James Bible, Dan. 8:21; 10:20; comp. 11:2; Zech. 9:13). This word Javan was universally used by the nations of the East as the generic name of the Greek race.

Meshech is the sixth son of Japheth, located near Tubal at the north east corner of Asia minor in Iberia, and supposed by many to have been the father of the Muscovites. Meshech traded with Tyre in the persons of men, and in vessels of brass. Magog, the son of Japheth & grandson of Noah; Josephus noted that the Greeks called them Scythians and also settled in Russia. Meshech-brother to Magog, from Heb. mashak - to draw out; descendants: a barbarous people inhabiting the Moshian Mts. between Iberia, Armenia and Colchis.

Noah's son Ham, (burnt, swarthy, black) bore the brunt of his curse on his son Canaan, a prophetic malediction. Ham was the father of Cush (Ethiopia), Canaan (middle east) Mizraim (Egypt), Phut or Put (Libya) and the Africans in general.

Canaan settled of course in the Land of Canaan, not Africa but the middle east around the area of Palestine, Lebanon (Phoenicians) and Syria. Canaan was the father of Sidon, Heth (Hittites), Sin (wilderness of Sin), Jebusites, Hivites, Amorites, Amalakites and others, many substantially wiped out by Israel after the flight from Egypt and wilderness wandering. Ethiopia (Abyssinia) and Libya (also literally called Cush and Put) mentioned in Ezekiel 38:5. Put was the third son of Ham and settled in North Africa (Libya, Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco). The Cushites were black people who first settled on the Arabian Peninsula and then migrated south.

Rosh, as seen in early Greek writings, is a name which was then used for all the nations of the north. Meshech and Tubal, now believed to be Phrygia and Cappadocia were located at that time in the vicinity of Magog, clearly the area of Russia. Thus if Rosh is Russia, Magog would be the land of Russia. The suggestion has been made that Meshech and Tubal constitute the old names for the former western and eastern capitals of Russia, Moscow and Tobolsk.

Tubal, a son of Japheth was supposed to have been the originator of the Tybareni, who occupied the NE part of Asia Minor being southern Russia between the Black and Caspian seas. They were a warlike people, and brought slaves and copper vessels to the market of Tyre. The Tiberani is said to have been a Scythian tribe of the eastern Asia minor, later, no great distance from the Black Sea.

Russia is identified in Ezekiel 38 as the Prince of Rosh, Meshech and Tubal. Magog, Meshech and Tubal were the sons of Japheth from whom came the Russians and Muscovites. Ezekiel 38 and 39 tell us that the Gog alliance is supernaturally defeated by God's intervention. Magog, according to both Jerome and Josephus, is a general designation for the many Scythian tribes of the north. Ezekiel - "Son of man, set your face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him, And say, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold I am against you, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshceh and Tubal. And I will turn you back, and bring hooks into your jaws. Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya, with them. Gomer and all his bands, the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands."

Gomer was the eldest son of Japheth, most likely representing Germany, and the rest of the nations listed in Ezekiel 38 are Muslim. Gomer was the father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. He is believed to have settled the northern shores of the black sea, Eastern Europe, the British Isles and northern Russia; Cimmerians, and to the Crimea and Asia Minor. Togarmah was supposed to have given his name to the region of Asia afterwards called Armenia. It was celebrated for a nation in trading of horses and mules at the fairs of Tyre (Ezek. 27:14; and the men of Togarmah, like the modern Armenians, were an industrious, peaceable, and trafficking people. The sons of Ashkenaz, according to old Roman maps, place them around the area of Poland, Czechoslovakia and East Germany to the banks of the Danube. Riphath means a crusher, Gomer's second son (Gen. 10:3), supposed to have been the ancestor of the Paphlagonians. The Paphlagonians were mentioned in the Illiad which suggest that they may be Grecian but other sources place the Riphathians in the uttermost northern areas.

The sons of Esau were the Edomites. The land of Edom was mountainous and called the mountain of Seir, the rough hills on the east side of the Arabah. It extended from the head of the Gulf of Akabah, the Elanitic gulf, to the foot of the Dead Sea (1 Kings 9:26), and contained, among other cities, the rock-hewn Sela, generally known by the Greek name Petra. The Christians retreated to Petra during the destruction of Jerusalem. The Edomites were conquered by David and eventually intermarried and disappeared.

The three nations to invade Israel as the Day of the Lord approaches, are Persia (Iran/Iraq), Ethiopia and Libya, with Gomer and all his bands. Rahab was a nickname for Egypt. Tarshish is Spain.

When Jeroboam led the revolt of the northern tribes and established the Kingdom of Israel, Dan was one of the tribes among the diaspora after the Assyrians came in. The Bible records the tribe of Dan as a sea faring people and Homer tells of the Danoi who settled in Greece. Some Jews claim descent to the tribe of Dan but that is still of the dispersion, not of the tribe of Judah. Also in Ethiopia. There is speculation that they may have sailed around Europe and intermingled as the Dani, Danish/Germanic peoples.
[Genesis, I Chronicles, 202, 380, Ezekiel, Easton's, 100, 386, 402, 415]

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