There were several Eusebius at the time of Constantine, of note were Eusebius of Nicodemia and Eusebius of Caesarea. Historians have historically mixed them up, myself included. My history books show that Eusebius of Nicodemia was the Arian biographer of Constantine. Eusebius of Nicodemia was Arian but it was the Eusebius of Caesarea that wrote of Constantine's life and the first church historian to follow Saint Luke.

Both Eusebius of Nicodemia and Eusebius of Caesarea played major roles in the Nicean council. Arianism is the heresy of Arius which taught that the Logos, however exalted is not part of the Godhead. That meant that Jesus is not divine and is similar to the heretical teachings of the Mormons and Jehovah Witness cults. When this conflict was discussed at the Nicean council, Arius was not allowed to defend his position because he was not a bishop. Instead, a follower of Arius, Eusebius of Nicodemia defended the heresy. The Nicean Creed was partly written in response to the Arian heresy and is considered the orthodox opinion that all true churches of the body of Christ adhere to above all others.

Eusebius of Caesarea (c.263 - c.339) was the Bishop of Palestine and the principal of a school of theology there. It was Eusebius of Caesarea that delivered Constantine's eulogy and wrote the Life of Constantine and the history of the first four centuries of the Catholic Church. Eusebius of Caesarea was also considered an Arian and gave refuge to Arius and was said to have been excommunicated but taken back into the graces and finally accepted the doctrinal position of the Council of Nicaea.

In an effort to move the council proceeding to conpletion, Constantine signed the Nicean Creed, demanding that the Arians on the council sign it also. Eusebius of Nicodemia signed it, then disclaimed that signature. Eusebius of Caesarea, who Arius had regarded as a chief supporter, claimed that the Nicean Creed was based on his creed, although it took a stand against Arius. Eusebius of Caesarea is considered by many to have been Arian and is usually referred to as the Arian biographer of Constantine. A quick look at his writings in his Ecclesiastic History, which is published in the links below show that he is in fact quite orthodox and holds to the true catholic position.

Constantine deferred his baptism until on his deathbed. Eusebius of Nicodemia entered the chambers of the emperor, sprinkled holy water on him, and declared him baptised. Because many believe that Eusebius was not a Catholic but an Arian Christian, according to the anethemas of the time, Constantine was baptized by a heretic and by virtue of the Nicene creed, not qualified to give that baptism. Still, God knows the heart.

The Ecclesiastical history of Eusebius of Caesarea is here for your reading pleasure. Enjoy.

Eusebius Book One
Eusebius Book Two
Eusebius Book Three
Eusebius Book Four
Eusebius Book Five
Eusebius Book Six
Eusebius Book Seven
Eusebius Book Eight
Eusebius Book Nine
Eusebius Book Ten
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